PRESERVATION OF ICON-PAINTING HERITAGE IN RUSSIA
(based on Yaroslavl regional materials)
Evgeniya I. Petrova
Yaroslavl Demidov State University
The interaction of government bodies and the Russian Orthodox Church on the question of returning some buildings and other property to the Church became part of state cultural policy in the post-Soviet period. This article investigates the process of returning religious artifacts to the Yaroslavl eparchy in the 1990s–2000s. During this period one of the biggest problems connected with the transfer of property to the Church was the ambivalent stance of regional state officials, which provoked conflict between museums and the Church over the ownership of icons. In Yaroslavl region, only toward the end of the 2000s did a relatively quiet and peaceful relationship between representatives of the Yaroslavl eparchy and regional museums begin. Mutual recognition of the necessity for a competent approach to preservation remains an ongoing process.
Keywords: icons, objects of cultural heritage, regional policy, museums, Yaroslavl region, Russian Orthodox Church, state.